intellectual disability


Although children learn at different rates, intellectual disabilities may appear in the first five years of life as significant trouble with numbers, letters, or speech. These disorders involve complications in how the brain processes information, thus slowing a child’s rate of intellectual development, learning, and academic achievement. Children with learning disabilities usually have normal or above normal intelligence. Expressing their knowledge, however, is difficult for them.


The three primary categories of intellectual disabilities include:

  • Speech or language disorders
  • Problems with reading, writing, or math skills
  • Coordination, motor skills, or memory challenges

If you are concerned that your child could have an intellectual disability, please review the list of signs below. Discuss these signs with your pediatrician or primary care provider and ask him or her about potential therapies. You also can contact us to learn more and to discover how you can use SCLARC´s resources.

  • Delayed speech
  • Poor concentration
  • Difficulty following directions
  • Difficulty learning: new words, how to read, pronunciation, numbers, the alphabet, days of the week, colors, and shapes
  • Poor pencil grasp
  • Difficulty with buttoning, zipping, and tying
  • Difficulty with working on puzzles, tying shoes, or buttoning sweaters
  • Understanding a story perfectly when it is read aloud, but struggling to answer questions about it afterward
  • Easily saying the alphabet but unable to identify individual letters

Children with intellectual disabilities can be highly functioning and accomplished. In a normal academic setting, however, they may have trouble with certain tasks which can lead to frustration, anger, poor self-esteem and depression. It is important to understand their situation and give them the support they need to thrive. This is where SCLARC can help.